Hidden categories: However it is essential to pay attention to self suffering in a grounded way in order to avoid "over-identification". Many people find it difficult to feel self-compassion after a traumatic or troubling experience, especially when self-compassion is linked in the mind to self-pity.

Research has found that self-forgiveness promotes greater overall well-being, specifically higher self-esteem and lower neuroticism. For example, self-compassion is positively associated with life satisfaction , wisdom , happiness , optimism , curiosity , learning goals, social connectedness , personal responsibility, and emotional resilience.

This instrument is divided into two item scales that assess feelings of activeness, enthusiasm, and alertness i. PLoS One, Everyone loves a good quote! How do you actually learn to love yourself? Register now.

A Reconsideration of the Self-Compassion Scale’s Total Score: Self-Compassion versus Self-Criticism

A community-based sample was selected from the register offices of five municipalities in The Netherlands, based on the age and gender distribution of the Dutch general population in the time the data was collected Last Updated on February 11, Chris Germer. This scale is easy to administer and use, and Dr. In contrast, two factors were found, formed by the positively and negatively formulated items. The negative factor was moderately to strongly related to psychological symptoms, rumination and neuroticism.

What is Self-Compassion and Self-Love? (Definition, Quotes + Books)

In student samples, a strong positive relationship has been observed with self-esteem as well as strong negative relationships with rumination and neuroticism [ 7 , 10 ]. Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of therapists in training".

Swets Test Service; This workbook will help you capitalize on the inherent capacity you have for self-compassion and grow it into a thriving and healthy sense of self-compassion.

J Anxiety Disord. Health Qual Life Outcomes. Ostafin Ed. Perfectionism and depressive symptoms 3 years later: Respondents are instructed to rate the items based on how they typically act towards themselves during difficult times. Walk the students through a guided meditation like this one. You can use the phrases noted above as a mantra: Total scores can range from 12 to Gilbert P. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology. Mongrain M. Self-compassion has different effects than self-esteem , a subjective emotional evaluation of the self.

Research suggest that the MAP performs superior than commonly used rules of thumb such as the eigenvalues-greater-than-one rule [ 37 ] which tends to overestimate the number of factors to extract [ 38 , 39 ].


I am an adult child of emotionally immature parents. Although mindfulness is mentioned in the three components of self-compassion, some researchers feel it should be at the forefront of self-compassion work, rather than one of three or more components.

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. The majority of the sample was married or cohabiting Archived from the original on Clinical Psychology Science and Practice.